Shabti of a Woman



Shabti of a Woman


1076-944 BC


Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21


2 3/4 x 13/16 in. (7 x 2.1 cm)

Object Number



During the Third Intermediate Period, as more and more figurines were included in the burial assemblage, the quality of shabtis declined. Molds were used to produce figures quickly and inexpensively, often resulting in figures with unmodeled backs and poorly defined features. Inscriptions were also abbreviated, providing only the name and occasionally a title or filiation for the deceased. An innovation of this period is the reis, or overseer shabti, charged with managing the large workforce provided for the deceased in the afterlife. The overseer was distinguished by his daily-life attire and the whip grasped in one hand, as illustrated by this example.

In this example, the texts are extremely faded, and that of the reis figure is completely illegible. The small shabti belonged to a woman whose name seems to be a compound in corporating the name of the goddess Mut.

Credit Line

Charlotte Lichirie Collection of Egyptian Art


Peter Lacovara and Betsy Teasley Trope, The Realm of Osiris (Atlanta: Michael C. Carlos Museum, 2001), 29.


© Michael C. Carlos Museum, Emory University. Photo by Peter Harholdt.
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On View



“Shabti of a Woman,” Michael C. Carlos Museum Collections Online, accessed September 18, 2020,

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